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BaigentCrondallRecords

Page history last edited by R H Johnston 10 years, 11 months ago

((Baigent's "The Crondal Records", 1891

Scanned and ROUGHLY checked by R H Johnston April 1996))

 

Hampshire Record Society

 

THE CRONDAL RECORDS

 

HISTORICAL AND MANORIAL

A COLLECTION OF

RECORDS AND DOCUMENTS

RELATING TO

THE HUNDRED AND MANOR OF CRONDAL

IN THE COUNTY OF SOUTHAMPTON

 

PART I.

 

HISTORICAL AND MANORIAL

BY

FRANCIS JOSEPH BAIGENT

 

London:

SIMPKIN & CO. LIMITED, STATIONERS' HALL COURT

 

Winchester:

WARREN & SON, HIGH STREET

 

1891

 

WINCHESTER:

PRINTED BY WARREN AND SON, HIGH STREET.

 

 

Contents - see below

 

Introduction Page xv

 

Documents and Records Part 1 (Page 1-23)

 

Documents and Records Part 2 (Page 23-75)

 

Documents and Records Part 3 (Page 75-135)

 

Documents and Records Part 4 (Page 135-155)

 

Documents and Records Part 5 1567 Crondall Customary part1 (Page 156-258)

 

Documents and Records Part 6 1567 Crondall Customary part2 (Page 258-383)

 

Documents and Records Part 7 (Page 383-468)

 

Documents and Records Part 8 (Page 468-end)

 

CONTENTS. PAGE

 

Introduction xv

 

Map of the Hundred of Crondal to face page 1

 

Extract from King Alfred's will, A.D. 880-885, containing the bequest of Crondal to Ethelm his nephew 1

 

The will of Bishop AElfsige - circa A.D. 958 - granting Crondal to AElfheah (Elphege) for life, and after his death to the Old Monastery (Winchester Cathedral) 1

 

Note, as to the will of Bishop AElfsige, and his death 2

 

Note, as to the bequest of the lands at Crondal to Elphege, which, after his death, were to go to the Old Monastery at Winchester 2

 

Extract from the will of Elfheah (Elphege), ealdorman, A.D. 965-975, giving Crondal to Winchester Cathedral 3

 

Note, as to other bequests contained in Elfheah's will 3

 

Extract from the list of founders and benefactors of the Cathedral Church of Winchester, that Elphege gave Crondal with its appurtenances 4

 

King Edgar's gift of Crondal to Winchester Cathedral, A.D. 976, with the boundaries of the land set out 4

 

King Ethelred's grant of (Long) Sutton to Winchester Cathedral, A.D. 979, with the boundaries set out 7

 

The boundaries between Crondal and Elvetham 9

 

Memorandum, that on Palm Sunday, 13th April, 979, Elnoth placed the Charter, which his brother Ulric had granted, of the Manor of Crondal on the Altar of Winchester Cathedral 9

 

Entries in Domesday Book, A.D. 1086, relating to the hundred of Crondal 10

 

Charter of King Henry II (circa A.D. I 163) for the restoration of lands in (Long) Sutton to the Prior and Convent of Winchester Cathedral 12

 

Note, as to Richer, Archdeacon of Winchester 12

 

The services which the Prior of St. Swithun's, Winchester, and his tenants of Crondal, as well the freemen as the bondmen, owe to the Lord Bishop of Winchester (A.D. 1284) 14

 

Note, Extract from the Register of John de Pontissara, Bishop of Winchester 14

 

((Page vi))

 

The services which the tenants of the Prior of St. Swithun's, Winchester, at Crondal, freemen as well as bondmen, owe to the manor of Farnham (A.D. 1284) 15

 

A Royal Writ to the Sheriff of the County of Southampton, that he should summon before the King's Justices at Farnham so many loyal men (A.D. 1286) 17

 

An Inquisition taken upon the Chaces of the Lord John de Pontissara, Bishop of Winchester, at Farnham, and the other Chaces (6 June, 1286) 17

 

Note, as to boundaries of the great warren, east and south of Winchester 20

 

Grant and quit-claim in perpetuity from John Curing, with the assent of his wife, to the Prior and Convent of St. Swithun, of the grove called Titley, and certain lands in Long Sutton (circa A.D. 1220) 20

 

Note, as to Walter, Prior of St. Swithun's, Winchester 21

 

Note, as to Peter de Hattingley, Steward of St. Swithun's Priory 21

 

Grant by the Prior and Convent of St. Swithun to their bailiff Henry, called the hunter, and to his heirs, of land at Burghe in Crookham, which Edmund de Burghe formerly held in villeinage (A.D. 1257) 22

 

Grant by Bishop Henry Wodelok to the Prior and Convent of St. Swithun's of his tenants at Cove, and of certain tenants at Eweshot, granted to him by Sir John Giffard, knight (A.D. 1305) 23

 

Grant in perpetuity by Nicholas atte Bure (Burghe) to William his brother, of three acres of land in the parish of Crondal (circa A.D. 1307) 25

 

Grant in perpetuity by Nicholas de la Burghe, of Eweshot, to William de la Stupe, of Dippenhall, and Alice his wife, of an acre of arable land in the common field of Eweshot (circa A.D. 1307) 26

 

Grant in perpetuity by Margery atte Burghe, daughter of Henry le Venour (alias le Hunter), to William Fyndone, of lands, tenements, etc., at Crondal (5 October, 1331) 28

 

Release and quit-claim in perpetuity by Robert de Fremeleye, son and heir of William Botermer, of Fremeleye, to Margery atte Burghe, his mother, of lands, etc., at Eweshot in the parish of Crondal (12 April, 1305) n. 28

 

Grant in perpetuity by Margery de Burghe, daughter and heir of Henry atte Burghe, to Richard atte Oke, of a tenement at Eweshot (A.D. 1307-15) n. 28

 

Acknowledgement by Margery atte Burghe, daughter and heir of Henry le Venour, that the Prior and Convent of St. Swithun had granted her a corrody for life, in consideration of certain lands and tenements in the parish of Crondal (A.D. 1331) n. 28

 

Release and quit-claim by John le Moneye, to Nicholas de Hanytone, clerk, of all his right to a meadow called le Preymeade, at Oakshot, in the parish of Crondal (3 August, 1335) 30

 

Release and quit-claim in perpetuity by Thomas de Warbeltone and Johanna, his wife, to Nicholas de Hanyton, of all their lands and tenements at Long Sutton (22 December, 1336) 31

 

((Page vii))

 

Entry on the Memoranda Roll, A.D. 1326, as to payment of a debt by Thomas de Warbelton, of Long Sutton n. 32

 

Grant in perpetuity by Henry atte Burghe of Crokeham, to Nicholas atte Burghe, his brother, of all the lands and tenements which he had by the gift of Margery atte Burghe, his mother, in the hamlets of Crokeham and Feldmede in the parish of Crondal (22 September, 1341) 32

 

Manumission by the Prior and Convent of St. Swithun, Winchester, of John Jan, a bondman of their Manor of Crondal (18 April, 1418) 34

 

The knight's fees of Itchel and Cove, A.D. 1165 34

 

The knight's fees of Itchel and Cove, la Welle, Long Sutton, and Farnborough, AD. 1243; and in 1284 35

 

Notes, as to the Surname of Wingham, and the Relief of William de St. Martin 35

 

Names of the lords of the parishes and hamlets in the hundred of Crondal, A.D. 1316 36

 

Taxation of the tenth and fifteenth of the parishes and hamlets in the hundred of Crondal, A.D. 1334 37

 

Note, explanatory of "tenths and fifteenths" 37

 

Assessment of the knight's fees in the hundred of Crondal, for the aid to knight the Black Prince, A.D. 1346 37

 

Return of the knight's fees in the hundred of Crondal, 6 Hen. VI, A.D. 1428 38

 

Extracts relating to the knight's fees in the hundred of Crondal, from the Pipe Rolls of the Bishoprick, A.D. 1335, 1431, 1461, and 1487 39

 

Entries relating to Crondal, Aldershot, and Long Sutton, occurring on the Patent Rolls, A.D. 1274-1278 40

 

Documents relating to the ancient freehold estate, now called Clare, in the parish of Crondal ((*blank*))

 

Concerning the land which belonged to John de Clere, in the Manor of Crondal, A.D. 1204-1238 40

 

Entries occurring on the Patent Rolls, A.D. 1293 and 1298 41

 

Letter of Henry Wodelok, Bishop of Winchester, as to the non-payment of a debt by the Executors of Robert de Clere (6 December, 1308) 41

 

The homage of John de Clere, for his lands in the parish of Crondal, held of the Bishop of Winchester (16 April, 1381) 42

 

Letter of King Edward III to the Prior of St. Swithun's, Winchester, against the exaction of additional services and customs from the tenants of the Manor of Crondal (20 November, 1364) 43

 

Note, as to complaints made by the tenants of Crondal, A.D. 1280 43

 

A writ of the lord King, directed to the Prior of St. Swithun's, Winchester, on behalf of the men of Crondal (15 January, 1364-5) 44

 

Another writ, directed to the Sheriff of the County of Southampton, on behalf of the men of Crondal (17 January, 1364-5) 45

 

((Page viii))

 

Note, respecting the lost Martyrologies of the Cathedral Priory 46

 

An Indenture, made between the Bishop of Winchester and the Prior and Convent of the Cathedral Church of Winchester, as to the services which the Prior and his tenants of Crondal, as well the freemen as the bondmen, owed to the Manor of Farnham (18 December, 1398) 48

 

Note, as to election and succession of certain Priors of Winchester Cathedral 49

 

Note, respecting the Farnham View of Frank-pledge, with list of places rendering suit thereat 50

 


 

COMPOTUS DE CRUNDAL. - An account of the Manor of Crondal rendered to the Prior and Convent of St. Swithun, for the year ending on 29th September, 1248. It contains particulars as to the amount of rent received, and the deficiencies of rent; the profits of the Manor; the quantity of corn sold; the perquisites of the manorial courts; the necessary and supplemental expenses; disbursements to the officials; and an account of the dead and live stock 51

 

Facsimile of commencement of the Crondal compotus of 1248 to face page 52

 

Notes, critical and explanatory of the foregoing accounts 72

 

COMPOTUS DE SUTTONA. - Similar accounts for the same year, relating to the Manor of Long Sutton 75

 

Custumal and Rental Rolls 83

 

The rental, services, and customs of the manor of Crondal, A.D. 1287, and the tithings of Swanthrop, Yateley, Bramshot and Hawley, Southwood, Aldershot, Dippenhall, and Crokeham 84

 

Facsimile of the commencement of the Crondal rental of 1287 to face page 84

 

Rental of Sutton, A.D. 1351 135

 


 

COURT ROLL.-A record of the courts of the hundred of Crondal, held for the term of St. Martin, on 20th October, 1281; and for the term of Hock, on 4th April, 1282 142

 

Note, as to the officials attending the courts 148

 

THE CRONDAL CUSTOMARY OF 1565.-

Introduction and descriptive account 156

 

Note, respecting the keeping of the Cathedral copy of the Customary 157

 

THE CRONDAL CUSTOMARY. - An Indenture, made between the Dean and Chapter of Winchester Cathedral and the tenants of the manor of Crondal; setting forth the various customs and usages of the manor, etc., dated 10th October, 1567 159

 

((Page ix))

 

The hundred and manor of Crondal, with its members. Translation of the entries given upon the schedules attached to the above-mentioned Indenture, containing the names of all the tenants, a descriptive account of their holdings, and the amount of their respective rents, fines, and heriots :-

 

The tithing of Crondal 178

Note, as to words printed in italics 178

Note, as to the form and variation of entries 178

Note, as to abbreviations and omissions 188

Note, respecting etc. and &c. 188

 

The tithing of Dippenhall 203

The tithing of Swanthrop 211

The tithing of Crokeham 222

The tithing of Yateley 258

The tithing of Hawley 311

The tithing of Aldershot 330

The tithing of Long Sutton 359

The manor of Sutton Warblington 369

A summary of the schedules:-

 

The tithing of Crondal 375

The tithing of Dippenhall 376

The tithing of Swanthrop 377

The tithing of Crokeham 377

The tithing of Yateley 378

The tithing of Hawley 380

The tithing of Aldershot 381

The tithing of Long Sutton 382

The manor of Sutton Warblington 383

 

An agreement as to fees payable to the Steward and Clerk of the lands, with respect to surrenders and enrolments (A.D. 1672) 383

 

THE YATELEY TITHE CASE, A.D. 1605; the record of the proceedings in an action brought by Martin Shonk against Richard Heath, lessee of the great tithes of Yateley, with respect to the tithes payable, the customs and usages, and the manner of collecting 386

 

THE MANOR OF ITCHEL AND COVE 407

 

Note, as to William de Coleville 407

Note, containing particulars respecting the Gifford family 408

Note, as to loan of MS. Bible 408

 

A fine, or agreement, made in the King's court, between William de Coleville and Reginald de Cunde, concerning lands and rent in Itchel and Ewehurst (January, 1236-7) 409

 

Grant of free warren to Walter Giffard, Archbishop of York, in all the demesne lands of Itchel (26th March, 1267) 410

 

((Page x))

 

An order to deliver to Godfrey Giffard, Bishop of Worcester, deer from the forest of Aliceholt, to stock the park at Itchel (4 February, 1271-2) 41 ((sic))

 

The Inquisition taken in the County of Southampton, on -- May, 1279, after the death of Walter Giffard, Archbishop of York 411

 

 

1. Note, respecting the date of the Archbishop's death

2. Note, as to the other Inquisitions held after the death of Archbishop Giffard 412

 

Entry on the Fine Roll concerning the homage and relief of Godfrey Giffard, Bishop of Worcester, brother and heir of Walter Giffard, late Archbishop of York (21 June1 1279) 413

 

Seizure of the manor of Itchel on account of a trespass committed by Godfrey Giffard, Bishop of Worcester, in the Forest of Colingridge 414

 

The mandate to the Sheriff to distrain all the lands and chattels belonging to Godfrey Giffard, Bishop of Worcester, in the County of Southampton, etc. (5 July, 1293) 414

 

A Royal writ directing that the manor of Itchel should be replevied to the Bishop on his own bail (30 September, 1293) 414

 

The Royal writ, "ad diem suum clausit extremum," issued on the death of Godfrey Giffard, Bishop of Worcester (28 January, 1301-2) 416

 

The Inquisition thereupon, taken at Itchel before Walter de Gloucester, the King's Escheator, on the 23rd of March, 1301-2 416

 

Note, as to Bishop Giffard's death and burial in Worcester Cathedral 418

 

Note, as to the entry of the homage of John Giffard, nephew and heir of Bishop Godfrey Giffard (21 April, 1302) 419

 

Extract from Compotus Roll of the Bishoprick of Winchester of the payment made by John Giffard for the relief of the two knight's fees which he had inherited from his uncle, Bishop Godfrey Giffard 420

 

John Giffard summoned to perform military service in person against the Scots (30 June, 1314) 420

 

Fine levied in the King's court, between John Giffard and Margery his wife, and Thomas, Rector of the Church of Weston-under-Edge, concerning the manor of Itchel (November, 1314) 420

 

The Inquisition taken before the King's Escheator, at Crondal, on 4 February, 1319-20, on the death of John Giffard, of Weston-under-Edge 421

 

Precept to the Sheriff of Gloucester, to take into the King's hand all the lands and chattels of John Giffard of Weston-under-Edge, who had joined the Earl of Hereford and the other Barons in their league against the Despensers (7 February, 1321-2) 422

 

The King commits to Robert Lewer the custody of the manor of Itchel, with appurtenances, forfeited by John Giffard, the King's enemy and rebel (26 March, 1322) 423

 

The custody of the manor of Itchel committed to John de Aulton, Bailiff of the King's manor of Odiham (2 May, 1325) 423

 

((Page xi))

 

The Inquisition taken at Odiham, after the death of Sir John Giffard, knight, of Weston-under-Edge, containing full particulars as to the extent, value, etc., of the Manor of Itchel (13 February, 1327-8) 424

 

Note, as to the other Inquisitions taken after the death of Sir John Giffard, and a summary of the value of lands and tenements in the counties of Gloucester, Cambridge, and Southampton 425

 

The Inquisition taken at Winchester before the King's Escheator, with respect to the lands in Dippenhall held by John de Wescote (28 August, 1335) 427

 

Particulars contained in the Inquisition taken at Alton, after the death of John, son of John de Westcote, as to the lands he held, and the names of his sisters and co-heirs (23 January, 1336-7) 429

 

Note, as to the Inquisition held after the death of Laurence de Pageham, in right of Alice his wife, one of the heirs of John, son of John de Westcote, taken at Alton on 26 May, 1375; and the King's grant of the wardships of the lands and heir, to Sir William Tauk, knight, chief Baron of the Exchequer (3 June, 1375) 429

 

Directions to the Escheator to retain in the King's hands a certain messuage and lands belonging to the manor of Itchel (17 February, 1336-7) 430

 

Proof of the age of John Giffard, son and heir of John Giffard, deceased, taken in obedience to a Royal writ, dated at Westminster, 17 June, 1348; at Wenlock, Shropshire, 8 October, 1348 431

 

Extracts from the Inquisitions taken after the death of Alianora, widow of John Giffard, of Weston-under-Edge (December, 1360) 436

 

Grant by King Edward III to William de Edyndon, Bishop of Winchester, of the lands and tenements belonging to Elizabeth Giffard, daughter and heir of John and Alianora Giffard, deceased, during her minority (10 December, 1360) 437

 

On the Inquisitions taken after the death of Elizabeth Giffard, daughter and heir of John Giffard, who died, under age, on 3 November, 1361 438

 

Licence granted by William de Wykeham, Bishop of Winchester, to Sir John Giffard, knight, to enlarge his park at Itchel (17 April, 1376); and the confirmation of it by the Prior and Chapter of Winchester Cathedral (8 November, 1379, 3 Ric. II) 439

 

William de Wykeham brings an action against Sir John Gifford for having entered the chace and warren belonging to the Bishop at Crondal (A.D. 1380) 422

 

Extracts from the Inquisition taken at Odiham, after the death of John Berewe (Burghe), of Stapeley, in the parish of Odiham (9 February, 1418-9) 443

 

Note, as to the Inquisition taken after the death of his ancestor, John atte Berwe, at Stapeley (24 July, 1351) 444

 

Notice of the death of John Giffard on the 10th of June, and of the Inquisition taken at Gloucester (24 July, 1444) 444

 

((Page xii))

 

Notice of the death of Robert Giffard on 3 August, 1446; and of the Inquisition held at Gloucester (2 November. 1446) 445

 

The Inquisition taken at Winchester after the death of Johanna, late wife of Sir John Marney, knight, and widow of Robert Giffard, and of Barantyne (8 October, 1478) 445

 

Grant by Thomas Langton, Bishop of Winchester, to John Giffard the elder, and to his son, John Giffard the younger, of the office of the keepership of the park and chace of Farnham (21 July, 1500) 448

 

Note, as to a grant by Bishop Richard Fox of the chace of Crondal to Giles, Lord Daubeny, who died on 27 May, 1507, and of a charter by the same Bishop, to George Paulet, esquire, of the office of keeper of the chace and warren of Crondal for life, dated 6 October, 1511; and that these charters were considered an infringement upon the right of the Prior and Convent, because the said chace belonged to the Prior and Convent, and not to the Bishop 449

 

Grant by the Prior and Convent of Winchester Cathedral to Sir William Giffard, knight, of Itchel, and to John Giffard, his eldest son, of the two ponds called Fleet ponds, with the fishery of the same, and the pasture called le Fleet, for the term of fifty years (18 January, 1505-6) 449

 

Note, as to the said John Giffard dying in his father's lifetime, and that a new lease was thereupon granted to Richard Giffard, the second son of Sir William Giffard, for thirty years from the 29 September, 1528 453

 

Grant by the Prior and Convent of Winchester Cathedral to Sir William Giffard, knight, of a piece of land and wood called Carlewood, for the term of eighty-nine years, for the enlargement of Itchel Park (29 October, 1529) 453

 

An Inquisition taken at Fordingbridge, after the death of John Giffard, esquire (a junior member of the Giffard family), and Pernella, his wife, daughter and heiress of Richard Wely (2 December, 1528) 458

 

Note, as to another Inquisition, taken at Winchester, with respect as to the lands and tenements belonging to William Giffard, son and heir of the aforesaid John Giffard, esquire (21 April, 1528) 458

 

Note, as to amount due by the said William Giffard, for his relief on account of certain lands held of the Bishop of Winchester 458

 

Particulars contained in the Inquisition taken at Winchester, after the death of William Giffard (9 June, 1563) 458

 

On the Inquisition held after the death of Sir William Giffard knight, in 1549 459

 

Extracts from the Inquisition held after the death of John Giffard, esquire, in 1563 460

 

Fine levied in the Queen's Court, between Thomas Vaughan and Nicholas Porter, gentleman, and George Giffard, esquire, concerning the manor of Itchel (4 May, 1575) 462

 

((Page xiii))

 

Fine levied in the Queen's Court, between Thomas Dymmocke, gentleman, and George Giffard, esquire, and William Hodges, gentleman, concerning the manor of Itchel (20 June, 1579) 463

 

Fine levied in the Queen's Court between Henry (Wriothesley), Earl of Southampton, and William Hodges, gentleman, and Elizabeth his wife, concerning the manor of Itchel (4 June, 1580) 465

 

Fine levied in the Queen's Court, between Robert White, esquire, and Mary his wife, and Thomas Brabon and Ann his wife, concerning the manor of Cove (4 May, 1580) 467

 

Note, respecting the Inquisition taken after the death of the Earl of Southampton in 1582 467

 

Descent of the Itchel estate after the death of the Earl of Southampton 468

 

Note, as to Dr. Robert Mason and his official appointments 468

 

Petition of the Dean and Chapter of Winchester Cathedral to King Charles, asking for a grant of the timber cut down in the manor of Crondal, towards the rebuilding and reparations of the deanery and prebendal houses 468

 

A Lease of Crondal manor, granted in 1707, by the Dean and Chapter, to Mary Stanley and John Stanley, for the term of twenty-one years 469

 

A perambulation of the boundaries of Minley in the parish of Yateley, made in 1516, with the names and ages of the witnesses thereto who were still living in 1541, and the attestation of the finding of this record in the Cathedral Audit house on 8 June, 1648 473-4

 

Particulars as to Leases of the Fleet ponds, fishery, and pasture, and the breaking down of the pond head in 1567, and Licence to enclose and convert the site of the said pond into meadows or pasture 475

 

Lease of a messuage and three yard-lands in Dippenhall, granted in 1537, by the Prior and Convent of Winchester Cathedral, to John Fauntleroy, son of Tristram Fauntleroy, of Michelmersh, in the county of Southampton, esquire 476

 

A similar Lease of the same property granted to his grandson, John Fauntleroy, in 1621, with a memorandum annexed as to the particular fields and closes which were considered to be the said three yard-lands 476-8

 

A grant of the office of keeper of the chace and warren of Crondal, made by the Dean and Chapter of Winchester Cathedral, to Sir Walter Tichborne, of Aldershot, knight, for the term of his natural life (25 November, 1613) 477

 

Note, as to a similar grant of the same office in 1690 478

 

An assessment of the entire payment of the first subsidy, 18 James I (A.D. 1620-1), made in the 19th year (A.D. 1621) on the inhabitants of Crondal hundred 478-90

 

((Page xiv))

 

APPENDIX

 

I. Catalogue of Documents, relating to the Manor of Crondal, in the possession of the Dean and Chapter of Winchester 481

 

 

1. Compotus Rolls, or Rolls of Accounts 481

2. Court Rolls of the Manor of Crondal 486

3. Rentals of the Manor of Crondal 496

4. Custom Roll of the Manor of Crondal 497

 

II. Extract from the Stock-book of the Manors belonging to the Monastery of St. Swithun, Winchester, for the year of our Lord, 1390 497

 

III. Return relating to the Manor of Crondal, A.D. 1541 501

 

IV. Abstracts of a bundle of Rolls relating to the Manor of Crondal, formerly preserved among the records relating to the temporalities of the Bishoprick of Winchester 502

((Page xiv))

 

V. Notes on the Compotus Roll, A.D. 1248 505

 

VI. Glossary to the Crondal Compotus, A.D. 1248; Rental, etc., A.D. 1287 ((*blank*))

 

VII. Entries from an old Account Roll, as to payments made in an action-at-law against the tenants at Crondal, in 1675 512

 

INDEX - General 513-522

 

INDEX to the Crondal Customary of 1567 523-530

 

((Page xv))

 

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